Appendix 2

Guidelines for a Screening Neurologic Examination

All medical students should be able to perform a brief, screening neurologic examination that is sufficient to detect significant neurologic disease even in patients with no neurologic complaints. Although the exact format of such a screening examination may vary, it should contain at least some assessment of mental status, cranial nerves, gait, coordination, strength, reflexes, and sensation. One example of a screening examination is given here.

A. Mental Status

1. Level of alertness
2. Appropriateness of responses
3. Orientation to date and place

B. Cranial Nerves

1. Visual acuity
2. Pupillary light reflex
3. Eye movements
4. Hearing
5. Facial strength (smile, eye closure)

C. Motor Function

1. Pronator drift

D. Sensation

1. One modality at toes - can be light touch, pain/temperature, or proprioception

E. Reflexes

1. Deep tendon reflexes (biceps, patellar, Achilles)
2. Plantar responses

F. Cerebellum

1. Coordination (fine finger movements, finger-to-nose)

G. Gait

1. Gait (casual, tandem)

Note: If there is reason to suspect neurologic disease based on the patient's history or the results of any components of the screening examination, a more complete neurologic examination may be necessary.

Last modified: Feb 27, 2014
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