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A. aegypti and A. albimanus mosquitoes

“The stegomyia (Aedes aegypti or yellow fever mosquito) likes clean rain water such as is found in cisterns and water barrels. As these collections are found principally around the dwellings of man in towns and cities, this mosquito is known as a town mosquito. The larvae of the anopheles, the malaria mosquito, also likes clean, fresh waster, but requires algae and grass for its protection. These conditions are best furnished by the edges of ponds and running streams. This mosquito is, therefore, essentially a country mosquito.” Gorgas, Sanitation in Panama, 1916.

Aedes aegypti, vector of yellow fever. E. A. Goeldi, 1905.

Anopheles species, vector of malaria in Panama. O. Howard, 1908.

Sanitation in Panama, by William Crawford Gorgas, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1915.

Samuel Taylor Darling, Chief of the Board of Health Laboratories, conducted a series of experiments using mosquito larvae raised in his laboratory and experimental inoculations on human volunteers in Ancon Hospital. Darling determined that of the eleven species of mosquitoes found in Panama, only one, Anopheles albimanus, was responsible for the transmission of malaria in Panama. This finding resulted in a more economical, species-specific mosquito control program.

Studies in Relation to Malaria, by Samuel T. Darling, 1910.

Last modified: Mar 05, 2020