Enrique Chaves

Clinical Professor

Education and training

  • University of Oklahoma, M.D.
  • Mayo Clinic, Pediatric residency
  • Mayo Clinic, Neurology residency
  • American Board of Pediatrics
  • American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

Personal statement

My interest in the History of Medicine started when I was a rotating intern at Gorgas Hospital, Panama Canal Zone, in 1964. Then I returned to Panama as a pediatrician in 1967 and continued my research into tropical pediatrics and the medical history of the Panama Canal. After I retired in 2002, several years were spent gathering all the material for a book published in 2007 on the life of Samuel T. Darling, a pathologist who discovered histoplasmosis while working in Panama during the construction of the Panama Canal. Other protagonists of interest have been Carlos J. Finlay, who first proposed the mosquito-vector hypothesis of yellow fever in 1881 and Clara Maass, a nurse from New Jersey who died during the yellow fever human experiments in Cuba in 1900. I have just completed a compilation of all the articles published in the Proceedings of the Canal Zone Medical Association between 1908 and 1928. The Clendening History of Medicine Library has been a splendid resource and of invaluable help in my research.


Chaves-Carballo E: Gonzalo R. Lafora and child neurology. (Abst) Ann Neurol 2011.

Chaves-Carballo E: American Medicine and the Panama Canal: Proceedings of the Canal Zone Medical Association 1908-1928. (Manuscript completed, 475 pp.)

Chaves-Carballo E: Los niños de Escobal, el Hospital Coco Solo y la malaria resistente en Panama [The children of Escobal, Coco Solo Hospital and drug-resistant malaria in Panama]. Revista Cultural La Lotería 2010; (July-August No 491): 64-71.

Chaves-Carballo E: Clara Maass y la fiebre amarilla: La experimentación con los seres humanos y el consentimiento informado [Clara Maass and yellow fever: Experimentation with human beings and informed consent]. Revista Cultural La Lotería 2008; (November-December No. 481): 49-57.

Chaves-Carballo E: Samuel Taylor Darling: Pathology, Parasites and Philanthropy. Sussex, UK: Academic Press, 2007, 260 pp.

Chaves-Carballo E: Los primeros empleados del Departamento de Salud de la Comisión del Canal Ístmico en 1903 [The first employees of the Health Department of the Isthmian Canal Comission in 1903]. Revista Cultural La Lotería 2007; (January-June No. 464-465): 62-74.

Chaves-Carballo E: Carlos Finlay and yellow fever: triumph over adversity. Mil  Med 2005; 170:881-885.

Chaves-Carballo E: Carlos J. Finlay y su lucha contra la fiebre amarilla [Carlos J. Finlay and his fight against yellow fever]. Revista Cultural La Lotería 2003; (March-April No. 447):98-103.

Chaves-Carballo E: El Hospital Ancón durante la construcción del canal de Panamá [Ancon Hospital during the construction of the Panama Canal]. Revista Cultural La Lotería 2001; (July-Aug No. 437):62-77.

Chaves-Carballo E: Samuel T. Darling y sus contribuciones al saneamiento de Panamá [Samuel T. Darling and his contributions to the sanitation of Panama] . Revista Cultural La Lotería, 2001; (May-June No. 436):89-107.

Chaves-Carballo E: The cost of running American city hospitals: The Gorgas 1910 survey. South Med J 2000; 93:191-194.

Chaves-Carballo E: Ancon Hospital: an American hospital during the construction of the Panama Canal (1904-1914). Military Medicine 1999; 164:725-730.

Chaves-Carballo E:  Samuel T. Darling:  Studies in malaria and the Panama Canal.  Bull Hist Med 1980; 54:95-100.

Last modified: Jul 24, 2013