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Departmental Teaching

The Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology is responsible for a large percentage of education of first year medical students as well as educating masters, Ph.D. and MD/Ph.D. students carrying out their research within the department. The following courses are directed by members of the Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty.

Human Anatomy and Embryology

Cell and Tissue Biology


Graduate Teaching

Human Anatomy and Embryology (Gross Anatomy): ATMY 821 (Fall) and ATMY 822 (Spring)
Course Director: George Enders, Ph.D.
Taught to 1st year medical students in the first and second semester, the aim of this course is to provide medical students with a basic understanding of the structural organization of the human body at the gross (macroscopic) level. The course uses both lecture and laboratory formats to overview of each of the major body systems in order to emphasize the relationship between structure and function.

Participating Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty:
George C. Enders, Ph.D.
Joe Bast, Ph.D.
Charles Little, Ph.D.
Brenda Rongish, Ph.D.
Xiaoming Zhang, Ph.D

Cell and Tissue Biology (CTB): ATMY 831 (Fall) and ATMY 832 (Spring)
Course Director: Robert M. Klein, Ph.D.

graphic of CTB course build pyramid from cells to tissues to organsCTB is taught to freshman medical students and a few graduate students. The course introduces students to the fundamentals of cell biology including cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions, differentiation, the structure and function of organelles, intracellular transport and targeting, proliferation, secretion, and apoptosis. Those cell biology topics become threads that are re-emphasized as the course builds along a pyramid from cells --> tissues -->organs. The CTB course content is integrated with the Medical Physiology course at the organ and ultimately the systems level and with Medical Biochemistry at the molecular and biochemical levels.

boneIn each system, normal structure and function are taught in conjunction with an introduction to pathology. Laboratories are currently taught using microscopes, but we are gradually introducing virtual microscopy: (, which should replace traditional microscope usage during the fall 2005 semester.

Textbooks Used:
Histology and Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology by Kierszenbaum,
Basic Concepts: Cell Biology and Histology by McKenzie and Klein,
PreTest: Anatomy, Histology, and Cell Biology by Klein and McKenzie

Atlas Used: Wheater’s Functional Histology, 4th edition, by Young and Heath

thymusParticipating Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty:
Dale R. Abrahamson, Ph.D.
Nancy E.J. Berman, Ph.D.
Robert C. De Lisle, Ph.D.
Dianne Durham, Ph.D.
George C. Enders, Ph.D.
Kuen-Shan Hung, Ph.D.
Robert M. Klein, Ph.D.
Ronal MacGregor, Ph.D
Margaret Petroff, Ph.D.
Kathy Roby, Ph.D.
Brenda Rongish, Ph.D.
Edward Stephens, Ph.D.
Gregory VandenHeuvel, Ph.D.
Michael Werle, Ph.D.
Douglas E. Wright, Ph.D.
Xiaoming Zhang, Ph.D.


Neuroscience: NEUS 840
Course Director: Dianne Durham
Taught to 1st year medical students in the second semester, this course introduces students to the anatomical and physiological principles on neuroscience important to practicing health professionals. The course focuses on 3 major aspects of neuroscience: regional anatomy, systems neurobiology, and clinical correlations.

Textbooks Used: Haines, Neuronanatomy, 6th Ed., Waxman, Clincial Neuroanatomy, 25th Ed.

cerebellumParticipating Anatomy and Cell Biology Faculty:
Dr. Dianne Durham
Dr. Nancy Berman
Dr. Mike Werle
Dr. Doug Wright
Dr. George Enders
Dr. George Timberlake

Graduate Teaching in Anatomy and Cell Biology

The department offers programs leading to the Ph.D., M.D./Ph.D., and M.A. degrees. Ph.D. and M.D./Ph.D. programs emphasize a broad understanding of structure-function relationships in the biological sciences. Students are involved in original research, course work, research seminars, and teaching. Following the completion of the IGPBS, graduate students enter their departmental laboratories and complete advanced coursework within the department. The following are graduate courses offered by the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology. For questions, please contact Dr. Mike Werle.

ANAT 801 Faculty Research Programs (1 hour). Introduction to faculty research programs.

ANAT 802 Laboratory Rotations (3 hours). Introduction to research methods and approaches.

ANAT 832 Electron Microscopy Techniques (3 hours). Each student investigates a research problem using electron microscopy.

ANAT 845 Graduate Histology (2 hours) Students use a microscope and microscope slides to survey various cell and tissues of the human body.

ANAT 846 Advanced Neuroscience (3 hours). In-depth neuroscience of normal and diseased brain function at the molecular, cellular and systems levels.

ANAT 849 Advanced Cell Biology (2 hours). Students learn about current trends in cell biology, including cellular mechanisms essential to organismal health and state-of-the-art techniques.

ANAT 880 Advanced Topics (1-5 hours). Advanced training in areas of research emphasis. Use of current literature for up-to-date study of: the cell biology of signal transduction, extracellular matrix, and vesicular traffic; the developmental biology of tyrosine kinases in early development, extracellular matix in morphogenesis, and immunology of pregnancy; and the neurobiology of tissue remodeling in development and disease, cytokines in the nervous system, and neurotrophin function.

ANAT 885 Seminar (1 hour). Research-oriented presentations in a seminar format by students, faculty, and guests.

ANAT 890 Master's Research (1-10 hours). Independent laboratory investigation in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the M.A. degree.

ANAT 899 Master's Thesis (1-6 hours). Preparation of the thesis in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the M.A. degree.

ANAT 900 Analysis of Scientific Papers (1 hour). Research articles are analyzed by the student with the guidance of a faculty member; tutorial sessions.

ANAT 990 Doctoral Research (1-12 hours). Original and independent laboratory investigation in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree.

ANAT 999 Doctoral Dissertation (1-12 hours). Preparation of the dissertation based upon original research and in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Ph.D. degree.

Last modified: Jul 24, 2019