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Martyn, Thomas (1735-1825).

Thirty-eight plates, with explanations: intended to illustrate Linnaeus's System of vegetables, and particularly adapted to the Letters on the elements of botany.

London: Printed for B. White and Son, at Horace's Head, Fleet Street, 1788.

"A student of botany from his childhood, he became familiar with the 'Systema Naturae' and the 'Genera Plantarum' and the 'Critica botanica' of Linnaeus on their first appearance. He had been brought up by his father as a follower of Ray, but the 'Philosophia Botanica' converted him to those Linnaean views of which he became one of the earliest English exponents. He studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He went on to become professor of Botany, and after 30 years' work his professorship was made a royal one. His most popular work is his translation and continuation of Rousseau's Letters on the Elements of Botany, which went through eight editions and began his most considerable undertaking, his edition of Philip Miller's Gardeners Dictionary. From 1760-1796 Martyn corresponded with Dr, Richard Pulteney (Progress of Botany), though they didn't meet until 1785. Many of their letters are printed in Gorham's 'Life'; and other correspondence of Martyn's given by him to Banks, is preserved in the botanical department of the British Museum" (Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford).

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