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Dionis, Pierre(1643-1718).

Cours d'operations de chirurgie: demonstrees au Jardin royal.

A Paris : Chez Laurent D'Houry, rue saint Severin, au St Esprit, vi-s-vis la rue Zacharie, 1707.

Dionis taught operative surgery at the Jardin-du-Roi, Paris, a famous training ground for surgeons.

"During the 17th and 18th centuries, surgery advanced training and technique, and as it did so anatomy became increasingly important to it. In the absence of anesthesias, surgeons did their work at high speed. A specialized knowledge of anatomy was essential. Under the influence of such men as John and William Hunter, Pierre Dionis, William Cheselden, and Antonio Scarpa, a practical anatomy for surgeons took shape which stressed a topographical approach to the body. Anatomical atlases were produced with special aids to memory which included triangles or quadrangles used to identify surgically significant areas" (Encyclopedia of Medical History).

"Bandages have a history stretching back thousands of years to the time of the ancient Egyptians, who used simple woven fabrics, often coated with adhesives, resins and other medicaments as dressings to aid wound healing. Like some of the bandages used today, these were made from non-extensible fabric and probably required considerable skill on the part of the user to ensure correct application.

In the 17th century, Pierre Dionis who was Surgeon-in-Ordinary to the queen of France and to the Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, recommended the use of rigid lace-up stockings made from coarse linen or dog skin to apply compression in the treatment of leg ulcers: the bandages available at that time were not suitable for the application of sustained, controlled compression because of their inelastic nature. It was not until the middle of the 19th century that the first elasticated bandages, containing natural rubber, were manufactured" (Stephen Thomas).

The far left image above shows materials required "for the bleeding of the arm".

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