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Casseri, Giulio Cesare (c.1552-1616).

Tabulae anatomicae LXXIIX.

Venetiis, 1627.

"First publication of the very beautiful copperplates engraved by Francesco Valesio after Odoardo Fialetti, a pupil of Titian. Casseri comissioned these plates covering the whole field of human anatomy for his unfinished masterwork entitled Theatrum anatomicum. For this publication, the editor, Daniel Rindfleisch (Bucretius) added another 20 plates by the same artist/engraver team" (Morton).

"Early, after his degree, Casseri gave private lessons, with dissections, in Padua, until 1586. As Fabrizio began to decline with age and suspended his lectures in 95, the students urged Casseri to replace him, which he did (privately) with enough success that Fabrizio resumed lectures. I gather that from about this time Fabrizio's envy of Casseri mounted and changed into hostility. The students wanted Casseri and privately supplied him with cadavers for dissection. Fabrizio continued to get legal prohibitions of the private dissections, and when he finally could lecture no more he blocked Casseri's appointment to replace him. Capparoni says that in 1604 the Riformatori officially approved Casseri as a substitute for Fabrizio when he was unable to lecture. Finally in 1609 the Riformatori separated surgery from anatomy, reserved anatomy to Fabrizio, and appointed Casseri to the chair in surgery. Eventually he did succeed Fabrizio, even though Fabrizio was still alive. The rivalry blocked the publication of Casseri's Tabulae during his life (Fabrizio outliving him)" (The Galileo Project).

"The Tabulae anatomicae was to have formed a complete atlas of human anatomy, and Casseri undoubtedly had thought of its publication since 1593. His illustrations in general, but especially in the Tabulae, made a vigorous and concrete contribution to the development of anatomical illustration. They include plates that reproduce with unusual accuracy the muscles of the back, the overall view of the abdominal viscera, the distribution of the portal vein in the liver, and the formaiton of the superior hepatic umbilical ligaments, the inguinal fossae and the peritoneum, with the lower peritoneal tissue detached form the abdominal wall, are illustrated for the first time. Casseri's illustrations represent the last word, solemn and authoritative, uttered by the Paduan anatomical school at the twilight of the golden century of its existence. In Haller's words, Casseri was Felix chirurgus, insignis anatomicus"(Dictionary of Scientific Biography).

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