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Bauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).

Theatrum anatomicum novis figuris aeneis illustratum et in lucem emissum opera & sumptibus

Theodori de Bry p.m. relicta viduae & filiorum Joannis Theodori & Joannis Israelis de Bry. Francofurti at [sic] Moenum, typis Matthaei Beckeri, 1605.

"Bauhin's greatest contribution to anatomy was the reform he introduced into the nomenclature, particularly into that of muscles. Because it is very easy to make mistakes in the enumeration of muscles if they are merely called first, second, etc.; and because different anatomists had named different muscles in this way, not agreeing on the order of the enumeration, Bauhin decided that it was better to use another kind of terminology. He therefore named some muscles according to their substance (semimembranosus), others according to their shape (deltoid, scalene), some according to their origin (arytenoideus), and others according to their origin and insertion (styloglossus, crycothyroidus). Some he named according to the number of their heads (biceps, triceps), some according to their amount (vastus, gracilis), some according to their position (pectoralis) and others according to their use (supinator, pronator). He also decided that veins and arteries should be named according to their use or course, and nerves according to their function. the system had so many obvious advantages over the old method that it was adopted by all subsequent anatomists. It was this work Theatrum anatomicum that William Harvey chose as the basis for his Lumleian Lectures to the College of Physicians in London in 1616". (Dictionary of Scientific Biography)

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