|Ketham, Joannes de (died c.1490).|
Fasciculo de medicina.
"Ketham was a German physician who practised at Venice. In 1491, he edited a collection of current writings by medical men of his time for the use of practising physicians, and gave it the title Fasciculus Medicinae. All the different editions of this work are of great importance because of the woodcuts they contain. Ketham used to have anatomic drawings hung on the wall for his lectures, and these are understood to have inspired the anatomic woodcut illustrations of the brothers De Gregoriis." (Maggs Bros. London)
Lippmann (Wood engr. pp.99-103) speaks very highly of these fine woodcuts. "The design is undoubtedly by an artist closely related to Gentile Bellini. There is a statuesque ease in the arrangement of the compositions, which gives them an appearance of relief, and harmonises admirably with the simple and firm outline-drawing. The scenes which exhibit the dying plague-patient, and the consultation of doctors, have a touch of solemn gravity which Venetian art knew so well how to infuse into the representation of important incidents."
"Johannes de Ketham, a German physician, edited the Fasciculus Medicinae, a collection of medical writings, which first appeared in a Latin edition in Venice, 1491. The personality of Ketham remains a mystery. Symphorien Champier in his De medicinae claris scriptoribus, Lyon, 1506, described him as 'Johannes de Karthan by nation a German, a man sufficiently learned in medicine, more active in experiment than in theories or speculations, wrote these works in medicine, of which I have seen the following : fasciculus medicinae lib. 1, de venenis liber 1, de anathomia et urinis lib. 1. I have seen no others,' Attempts have been made to identify him with Johannes de Kirchheim, mentioned in the records of the University of Vienna as 'Doctor Johannes de Kircham.' In spite of extended researches by Sudhoff and others, his identity remains unknown. The Fasciculus contains a treatise on anatomy, on surgery, on gynecology and obstetrics, on urine, on phlebotomy, and on the plague" (A History of Medicine, Ralph H. Major).
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