Note: References to Major, followed by page numbers, pertain to the following book unless otherwise noted: Major, Ralph H., A History of Medicine. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1954.

Medieval

Box No.

Image

No.

Description

Photo

Neg.

Slide

P-2

S-2

M-1

Commentary on the Anatomy of Avicenna’s Canon, page from. In this work author Ibn al Nafis, an Arabian physician of the 13th century, pointed out that the interventricular septum of the heart had no pores and gave the first clear statement of the pulmonary or lesser circulation. Major, 240, 244

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P-2

S-2

M-2

Surgical instruments, On Surgery. Albucasis’ On Surgery was the first work specifically about surgery and illustrated more than 200 surgical instruments. Albucasis, born in 963, was the greatest surgeon in Islam. Major, 250

2

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1

P-2

S-2

M-3

Surgical instruments, On Surgery. Albucasis’ On Surgery was the first work specifically about surgery and illustrated more than 200 surgical instruments. Albucasis, born in 963, was the greatest surgeon in Islam. Major, 250

3

1

1

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M-3-A

Surgical instruments, On Surgery. Albucasis’ On Surgery was the first work specifically about surgery and illustrated more than 200 surgical instruments. Albucasis, born in 963, was the greatest surgeon in Islam. Major, 250

 

1

 

P-2

S-2

M-4

Anatomical illustrations, Persian, c. 1780-1800. Pregnant woman. M-P-3 includes M-P-19, which shows male anatomy.

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S-2

M-5

Knights of St. John, member in convent dress. Portrait by Pinturicchio in Chapel of St. John of the Cathedral of Siena. In background are fortifications at Rhodes and some of the Hospitaller’s galleys. Major, "The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," Ralph Major vertical file.

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M-6

Knights of St. John. Major, "The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," Ralph Major vertical file.

   

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S-2

M-7

Hospital of the Knights of St. John, Jerusalem, c. 1959. The hospital was founded in 1069 to care for pilgrims to the Holy Land and run by a small group of monks. After the capture of Jerusalem in 1099, the monks became a regular religious order called the Knights of St. John, or the Hospitallers. Major, "The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," Ralph Major vertical file.

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M-8

Cross of Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. The four arms of the cross equal the four Christian virtues: temperance, prudence, justice, and fortitude; the eight points stand for the beatitudes. Major, "The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," Ralph Major vertical file.

2

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P-2

M-9

Syphilis, woodcut

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1

 

P-2

M-10

Skeleton, drawing, from Latin Munich MS Codex. From Sudhoff, Tradition and Naturbeobachtung ("Sutd. z. Gesch. d. Med.," Heft I). Leipzeig, 1907, p. 63.

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P-2

M-11

Paracelsus, firing a cannon, illustration at beginning of chapter on burns in Grosse Wundartzney. In this book, he rejected the prevalent method of treating wounds with irritating solutions and taught that the tissues contained their own healing balm. Major, 387

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P-2

M-12

St. Roch, plague saint, woodcut. Born. 1295 A.D. Roch contracted the plague while nursing its victims. Upon his death, his farewell message instructed that those stricken by the plague should pray for aid through the intercession of St. Roch. The cult of St. Roch became widespread after the outbreak of plague during the Council of Constance in 1414 A.D. Major, 341-43

1

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P-2

M-13

Bladderstone surgery, Henry II, Emperor of Germany. Major, 1022. It is considered likely that he was given a soporific and operated on, but the world saw the event as a miracle. Henry claimed that he’d fallen asleep and that St. Benedict appeared to him with a medical iron, cut open the patient’s body and promised that when he awoke he would find three stones, as the Emperor did.

 

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P-2

M-14

Leper, Christ healing. From the Bamberg Evangelium, 9th century. Major, 215

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P-2

M-15

Leper rattling his rattle, old woodcut

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P-2

M-16

Prescription: ancient manuscript showing Ali Ibn Abbas sending his servant on horse to deliver prescription. Major, 234

 

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P-2

M-17

Respiratory system, anatomical illustration, from Mansur’s Anatomy, 1396, Ibn Ilyas.

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M-18

Skeletal system, anatomical illustration, from Mansur’s Anatomy, 1396, Ibn Ilyas [Filed under M-17-N—shared negative.]

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M-19

Anatomical illustration, Persian, ca. 1780-1800. [Photo filed under M-4-P-3—shared photograph; M-19-N-2 filed under M-4-N-4—shared negative.]

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1

 

P-2

M-20

Anatomical illustration, Persian, ca. 1780-1800.

 

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P-2

M-21

Anatomical illustration, Persian, ca. 1780-1800.

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2

 

P-2

M-22

Anatomical illustration, Persian, ca. 1780-1800.

 

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P-2

M-23

Skeletal system, anatomical illustration, Persian, ca.1780-1800.

 

1

 

P-2

M-24

Anatomical illustration, Persian, ca. 1780-1800.

     

P-2

M-25

Obstetrical illustration, Persian, woman giving birth, ca. 1780-1800. (M-P-25 and M-N-25-3 filed under M-P-21 and M-N-21, respectively—shared photograph and negative.)

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P-2

M-26

Enema, Persian illustration, ca. 1780-1800. [M-26-N-3 filed under M-20-N-2—shared negative.]

1

3

 

P-2

M-27

Pulse, taking, Persian medical illustration, ca. 1780-1800.

 

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P-2

M-28

Blood, taking, Persian medical illustration, ca. 1780-1800. [M-28-N-3 filed under M-27-N-3—shared negative.]

 

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P-2

M-29

Anatomy, muscle man from Rudnitz Five-Figure Series, 1399.

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1

 

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M-30

Harington, Sir John. Major, 286, 295

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P-2

M-31

Guy de Chauliac (1300-68). Major, 310-12, 339, 354

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M-32

Guy de Chauliac (1300-68). Performing dissection, 1363. Major, 310-12, 339, 354

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M-33

Bernard de Gordon, born c. 1300. Major, 309-10

 

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M-34

Surgery, operating during the Champ de Bataille

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M-35

Anatomy, illustration from Anothomia, Guido de Vegevano, 1345. Major, 390, 395

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P-2

M-36

Dissection: anatomist dissecting subject hanging from a hook, illustration from Anothomia, Guido de Vegevano, 1345. Major, 390, 395

 

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M-37

Montpellier Medical School, photo taken in 20th century. Major, 303-04

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M-38

Montpellier Medical School, 1772. Major, 303-04

 

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M-39

St. Roch, plague saint, part of tableau by Francesco Caroto. Born. 1295 A.D. Roch contracted the plague while nursing its victims. Upon his death, his farewell message instructed that those stricken by the plague should pray for aid through the intercession of St. Roch. The cult of St. Roch became widespread after the outbreak of plague during the Council of Constance in 1414 A.D. Major, 341-43

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M-40

Benivieni, Antonio. Major, 371, 372, 461

 

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M-41

Gentile da Foligno, picture of in Avicenna’s Canonis libri, Venice, 1520. Major, 332-33

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M-42

St. Catherine of Siena receiving the stigmata in 1375, by Sano di Pietro.

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M-43

William of Saliceto (12—to 1277), bas-relief by Gerrarini in Piacenza. Major, 295-300

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M-44

Bone man, from the Prüffling Five-Figure Series, 1158.

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M-45

Hospital of the Knights of St. Johns, Acre, fortress wall. The order was in Acre from about 1187 to 1291. Major, "The Knights of St. John of Jerusalem," Ralph Major vertical file.

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1

 

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M-46

Urine calendar

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P-2

M-47

Mondino presiding at a dissection, from Johannes de Ketham, Fasciculus Medicinae, 1507. Major, 301.

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M-48

Diet, importance of, woodcut from the "School of Salerno." Major, 293

 

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M-49

Miracles: "The Procession to Orvieto," the miracle of Bolsano

3

   

P-2

M-50

Operation for the stone in the Ms. of Roland of Parma

 

1

 

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